Big Ben is a clock tower, located in the north-eastern part of the Parliament building in Westminster, London. Although the actual name of the tower is the Clock Tower, it is often mentioned as Big Ben, Big Tom or Big Ben Tower. The Clock Tower is one of the most recognizable sights in London and the visiting card of the city, the same as the Eiffel Tower in Paris. Since building in 1859, the tower has served as the most reliable clock in London, and has also participated in the celebrations throughout the year. However, despite its immense popularity, we know so little about this symbol of London. Let's fill this gap.
5. The bell has more birthdays than the queen. Big Ben has three birthdays: the first - April 10, 1858, when the bell was installed, the second one - May 31, 1859, when the clock began to tick first, and the third - on July 11, 1859, when the bell sounded for the first time.
4. The exact origin of the name Big-Ben is not known for certain, although there are two different theories. The first theory claims that its name Big Ben was given in honor of Sir Benjamin Hall, the first head of the bell casting - a large man who was nicknamed "Big Ben". The second theory says that Big Ben was named so in honor of the boxing champion in heavyweight of that times - Benjamin Kaunt. Since then, the name "Big Ben" has become a household name - it is often used when talking about a record-holder by weight.
3. The Big Ben Bell weighs like three elephants. The height of Big Ben is 96.3 meters, and the clock itself is located at an altitude of 55 meters. The diameter of each dial is 7 meters, and the mechanism of the watch weighs 5 tons - for a long time the Big Ben watches were considered to be the largest in the world. The hourhand has a length of 2.74 meters, and the minutehand is 4.2 meters long and weighs about 100 kg (including counterweights). The height of the digits on the Big Ben dials is approximately 60 cm. Each dial consists of 312 pieces of glass. The sound of the Big Ben bells can be heard at a distance of up to 8 kilometers. The bell itself weighs about 14 tons, and this is the weight of three small African elephants.
2. The bell was always broken. The original bell that weighed 16 tons was damaged during the early tests and could not be repaired. Its replacement, which now hangs in the tower, is also damaged by the impact of a too large clapper. Later, the bell's clapper was replaced with a suitable one, but the crack and damages were never repaired.
1. Big Ben bells the specific words "All through this hour Lord be my guide and by Thy power no foot shall slide" - these are the words of Big-Ben and the other bells, which are smaller, they make with their sound.