The economic situation in Britain has improved noticeably, as well as the prospects for employment. The level of recruitment of university graduates by the largest British employers this year has reached the highest rates in the last decade. But not only graduates got lucky. According to statistics, almost 40% of employees are looking to the prospects of improving working conditions, because they feel more confident when changing their careers or when looking for a better job. The unemployment level in Britain fell by 35,000 people in three months and amounted to 1.83 million people in March. This is the lowest number for the last seven years. Given the record number of employed people - 31.1 million, - the current unemployment rate has dropped to 5.5%. But, if you are thinking about a new job or a career change, in which sector of the economy is it better to start a search? That is what experts say.
Most demanded professions in Britain
Information Technology. Technologies are developing rapidly, and in this sphere there are many opportunities for advancement in the career, as the need for IT specialists is constantly growing. Graduates with extensive knowledge of the Java programming language and Java software developers with one or two years of experience can expect to earn salary of £ 35,000 per year, although a year ago they earned a maximum £ 28,000. Java programming, which is widely used in interactive websites, is often referred to as a key word in the listing of skills required for employment. A decade ago smartphones and tablets were not yet available, and many companies are still trying to access digital technologies. In February 2015, 105,760 job vacancies were published in the information technology section on Adzuna recruiting site, which is 6% more than six months before. More than 13,300 of them contained requirements for Java skills. Web developers on average can expect salary of £ 39,141 per year.
Healthcare and medicine. Nurses have always been in high demand in Britain, and specialists - nurses working in the surgeries and maternity wards - are listed on the government's list of scarce occupations. According to the latest data from the healthcare service, every fifth nurse in medical institutions is a foreigner. Spain, Portugal and the Philippines are the most popular countries for recruiting nurses. Nurses receive about £ 22,000 a year, but with experience, the amount can increase significantly, up to £ 100,000 for nurses of senior rank. On the site Adzuna it was posted 97359 ads on the recruitment of junior medical staff.
Engineering. There are many branches of engineering - from space works, transport to road and bridges maintenance. At the same time, in Britain, there is a chronic deficit in this sector, and engineering trades are traditionally in high demand. Sir James Dyson, one of the leading entrepreneurs in Britain, regularly complains about the shortage of engineering personnel. To overcome the crisis, he recently donated £ 12 million to the organization of the Dyson School of Industry and Design, located in South Kensington.
Accounting and finance. With long-term career planning, certified accounting knowledge is one of the most important skills. According to the recruitment firm Hays, there is a growing need for accountants and, accordingly, the number of employers wishing to hire graduates to partially qualified positions to close the shortage of staff. Accountants are less dependent on economic gradients and less exposed to the risks inherent in careers in sales and business development, for example. The majority of graduates who have chosen accounting, will receive the profession of a certified accountant. Even if you change your mind to become an accountant, knowledge can be useful in many industries and business, including law and advertising. In February, 85,780 accounting vacancies were published on the Adzuna website, what made 11% increase over the past six months.
Construction and real estate. The construction industry suffered a lot during the last recession, when many projects were frozen. We must admit that in the last couple of years, activity in this area, whetted by strong real estate market, has increased significantly. According to Hays, during the past year only salaries in some construction specialties have grown by 10%. The inspectors of technical supervision and appraisers felt the increase more than others, which indicates a shortage of these specialties. The construction sector occupies about 6% of the British economy, and at the moment things are better than at any time after 2007. Last year was the most successful for British builders in the last 20 years. And since there is a shortage of qualified specialists, there are wide prospects for graduates of construction specialties. Adzuna reports that the number of vacancies in the construction sector in March reached 5,0007 compared to 39,412 in March 2014. The average salary offered was £ 38,971 per year in March 2015 compared to £ 33,889 before that.
Specialist in recruitment. With the fall in the unemployment rate, there is a growing need for recruitment specialists and recruiters to handle applications and search for new candidates. To work in the personnel department, you should like to communicate with people, because you have to deal with the questions and requirements of people who want to get a job in the company. The average salary is £ 29910 per year, but it can be significantly higher, depending on the qualification or industry in which you work. On the Adzuna website there are 28909 vacancies for specialists in this section against 16989 in February 2013.
Marketing. The marketing sector has suffered a lot during the economic downturn, but as Britain withdraws from the recession, new opportunities are opening up in this industry. Salaries of such specialists can range from £ 18,000 per year at the initial level to more than £ 100,000 in senior positions. Marketing managers, as a rule, receive about £ 47,000 a year. Work in marketing requires a certain flexibility and allows professionals to work in almost any industry, starting from the financial sector and consumer goods and ending with engine building and technology development. The main task is to understand the current and potential moods of the consumer, as well as in the development of marketing plans for the product or brand. Adzuna contains 23,386 job openings in marketing as of February this year, which is 75% more than two years ago.