Five lifestyle changes that can reduce cancer risk

Throughout this month of October, there have been various campaigns and events targeted at Breast Cancer Awareness as it is done annually at this time of the year. These events and campaigns aim to educate people on preventive measures they can take in order to decrease their chances of getting cancer. In addition to this, there have also been a lot of conflicting information on this matter as well, and these remedies and alternative treatments such as aromatherapy or use of certain herbs as treatments to prevent cancer, are being broadcast as text and social media messages.

Cancer is a disease resulting from uncontrolled cellular growth and is mainly caused by an interaction of genetic, environmental and dietary risk factors. So basically, the elimination of these risk factors would be the main approach in cancer prevention. Not to say that there might not be any proof these other ‘remedies,’ rather to reiterate that there are certain lifestyle changes have been medically proven to reduce the risks of developing cancer, not just breast cancer, but all cancer. Here are some of them:

Regular screening and immunization:Regular doctor visits ensure that you get the screening that you need. It’s never a good idea to only visit the doctor when you feel ill, it is also not a good idea to not follow up with your screening schedule. Most people may just get a mammogram once and never go back; that’s not good enough. The key word there is regular; depending on your age, medical history and family history, the doctor would be able to determine what screening a person would need and how often to get the screening done.

Quit cigarette smoking: Quitting smoking is the single most important thing you can do for your health. I’m sure most of you know that smoking and exposure to tobacco has been linked to lung cancer, but it doesn’t just end there; Smoking is linked to most cancers. It is responsible for 85-90% of lung cancer cases, responsible for 70-80% of esophageal cancer cases, responsible for half the cases of bladder cancer and larynx/pharynx cancer cases. It is also responsible for about 30% of kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer, cervix cancer, stomach, colon and rectum cancer cases. Even if you don’t smoke, but you are exposed to cigarette smoke, your risk is also increased. If you need help quitting, you can talk to your doctor as there are several medications and products available to aid in the process.

Diet modification:There is strong evidence that increased intake of foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains, decrease the risk of certain cancers. A diet such as the Mediterranean type which comprises mainly fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, seeds and low-fat dairy products, has been shown to decrease the risk of both cancer and heart disease. Try to avoid fatty foods; instead go for healthy fats like avocado and extra virgin olive oil. Limit intake of overly processed foods and meats and lastly, try to reduce sugar intake. Excessive alcohol intake also increases the risk of liver, colon, kidney and breast cancer.

Exercise:This goes hand in hand with a proper diet. Being overweight or obese, and having increased waist circumference or excessive abdominal fat, has a clear link with increased risk of cancers affecting the breast, esophageal, colon, pancreatic etc. Weight loss would reduce this risk. Research done by the National Cancer Institute shows that women who exercise four or more hours in a week have a lower risk of breast cancer. In order to maintain a healthy weight, it is important for all individuals to incorporate a minimum of 30 minutes exercise into a daily routine to help reduce cancer risks.

Avoid excessive sunlight:I’m sure we’ve all heard that the sun is good for you and it’s a good source of Vitamin D, an essential vitamin. That is true. However, prolonged exposure to sun has been linked to skin cancer. Skin cancer is one of the most preventable cancers, yet it is still very common. Try to minimize sun exposure to just a few minutes a day and avoid going out in the sun between 11 am and 4pm when the sun is hottest. Always remember to use sunscreen and try to wear protective clothing to help minimize sun damage.

It’s important that we do all we can to keep cancer at bay. Although cancer is not entirely preventable, certain health and lifestyle changes such as these, along with healthier diet choices go a long way in reducing the risk of developing cancer.

Disclaimer: The medical information provided on here by Dr. Nini Iyizoba is provided as an information resource only. This information does not create any patient-physician relationship and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment

guardian.ng
Breastcancerawareness reducecancerrisk
If you notice an error, highlight the text you want and press Ctrl + Enter to report it to the editor
2 views in september
I recommend
No recommendations yet

Comments

Comments are designed to communicate and discuss the features of an enterprise or event, as well as to find out the interesting questions on it.

Society
An ambitious target to build 3,700 new council homes by 2025 has been scrapped, in a blow to Mayor Sadiq Khan’s pledge to tackle the capital’s housing crisis. The City of London Corporation announced the plan in 2015 but has now quietly abandoned any hope of hitting the deadline, following a series of setbacks, delays and mounting costs - writes standard.co.uk Only 62 homes were completed in the first three years and the Square Mile’s local authority has n...
Incidents
A man arrested at Buckingham Palace on suspicion of possessing a Taser has been released by police. The 38-year-old, a visitor to London from the Netherlands, was detained at the visitors' entrance to the palace at about 12:45 BST on Sunday - writes bbc.com Scotland Yard said his possession of the device, which was low-powered and part of a keyring, was a genuine error, and that he posed no threat. The man was released without further action. A spokesman s...
Incidents
A woman has been charged with the murder of her 75-year-old husband at their home in east London. Kanagusabi Ramathan was found with serious head injuries after paramedics attended a property in Burges Road, Newham, at about 14:20 BST on Friday. Packiam Ramathan, 73, has been remanded in custody and is due to appear at Thames Magistrates' Court on Monday. A post-mortem examination and formal identification will be carried out in due course, police said. Re...
Politics
Labour says it would scrap laws allowing private landlords to evict tenants without giving a reason. The law, in force since 1988, is thought to be the biggest cause of homelessness. Labour's shadow housing minister John Healey will announce the policy at the party's conference later. He will also unveil plans for a £20m fund to set up "renters unions" to support tenants in disputes with landlords. So-called "no-fault" evictions - when landlords throw peop...
Society
From an early age, children are asked about what they would like to do when they grow up. Their answers - and the jobs they go on to do - reveal some striking differences. From sportsperson to vet to lawyer, the UK's children have their sights set on ambitious jobs - writes bbc.com But a closer look at the aspirations of boys and girls from different ethnic backgrounds shows that some are aiming higher than others. Until now, we have known very little abou...
Society
The U.S. and President Donald Trump has slapped a 15 per cent tariff on all steel and aluminum it receives from Canada, and if that rises to 25 per cent as has been threatened, it will cost more for the city to build its bridges and buildings with steel from the U.S. “We are trying to estimate a worst-case scenario,” said city treasurer Anna Lisa Barbon. “If there is a significant tariff increase, what impact would it have?” While the tariff is on steel sh...
Society
A teenage girl was raped in broad daylight in an east London park, police have said. The Met's child abuse and sexual offences command is investigating the attack, which happened in West Ham Park on Tuesday. The female victim was attacked by a man close to the entrance opposite FairlandRoad, Scotland Yard said. It happened at about 4pm. No arrests have yet been made. West Ham Park, which dates back to the 16th century,is run by the City of London Corporati...
Society
The number of homes in London will need to rise by a quarter within 25 years to cope with its rising population,official figures showed today. In a dramatic indication of the scale of the challenge, the Office for National Statistics said an extra 844,000 new households will be formed here by 2041 if current trends continue. That amounts to a 24 per cent increase on the existing total and would give London — which now has about 3.4 million households — a n...
Society
Earlier this summer, Yoshua Bengio, the McGill-based Artificial Intelligence pioneer and one of the world’s leading authorities on neural networks and machine-learning, added his name to a growing global list of experts and laboratories in the field that are pledging to have no role in the creation of what are called “lethal autonomous weapons” (LAWs). The signatories’ premise is as benign as it is unsound: that machines must never be given the authority t...