Now let's talk about other important nuances, such as paid leave, wages, joining a trade union and the types of work that you can do. In this article, a "child" means a person who has not reached the age of 14 years. "Young man" is the one who is more than 14, but less than 18 years old. "Parents" are people who bear parental responsibility.
Employment of children under the minimum age of a high school graduate (Northern Ireland).
If you have not reached the minimum age of a high school graduate, you can get a job in such spheres: delivery of newspapers, milk, vegetables, food, flowers or textiles; work in the office, except for premises where alcohol is sold, where they bet or gamble; hotel business, making or delivery of food (except for kitchens and those places where the sale of alcoholic beverages is allowed); as an assistant to the seller, except for premises where alcohol is sold, where they bet or gamble; homework; easy farm work or gardening for your parents.
A child who has not reached the minimum age of a high school graduate cannot perform hard work that may harm health or affect the attendance of the school.
If you are under the age of 14, you should not work: longer than an hour before school, and work should end at least half an hour before school begins; longer than 2 hours on Sunday; between July 1 and August 31, without two weeks of full rest; without the parents' written consent to your work; without special protective clothing and shoes, if you work on the street. In addition, if you are not 15 yet, you must not work more than 5 hours on Sunday or on a day when there are no classes at school; should not work more than 27 hours a week; have the right to a 3-hour break during each 12-hour period of work; have the right to an hour of rest and snack after 4 hours of work on Saturday and after 3 hours of work on any other day.
If you are 15 years old, but you have not reached the minimum age of a high school graduate, you: should not work more than 7 hours on a Saturday or on a day when there are no classes at school; do not have to work more than 37 hours a week; have the right to use an hour of rest and have a snack after 4-hour work.
If you are 13 years old or more, but you have not reached the minimum age of a high school graduate, you cannot work: until the end of school hours on any school day; more than 2 hours on any day when you need to go to school; until 7:00 or after 19:00 any day; more than 2 hours on Sunday; in the field of street trade.
If you have not reached the minimum age of a high school graduate, you cannot qualify for a paid leave. If you have reached the minimum age of a high school graduate, then you can apply for a paid leave in the same way as other employees. You are entitled to 5,6 weeks of paid leave per year. To calculate how many leave days you can get, 5,6 times the number of working days per week. For example: if you work 5 days a week, you can get 28 days of paid leave per year (5,6 x 5); if you work 2,5 days a week, you can get 14 days of paid leave per year (5,6 x 2,5).
If you are 16 years old or more (and you have reached the minimum age of a high school graduate), you can receive a minimum wage. It is called the National Minimum Wage and for employees under the age of 18 it is £4.05 per hour. If you are under the age of 16, you cannot receive the National Minimum Wage.
Free time for education.
If you are 16 or 17, you work and have not get educated, you need enough time for studies. And this time should be paid at the usual hourly rate.
Work in a bar or a restaurant.
If you are 16 or 17 years old, according to the law you can sell or serve alcoholic beverages in a restaurant without supervision by adults, provided that: the drink is served along with the dishes; it is served in a part of an institution serving only this purpose. This means that, for example, a person who has not reached the minimum age of a high school graduate and works as a waiter can serve alcohol in a restaurant without adult supervision. Persons under the age of 18 can also sell alcohol at a bar, provided that the sale of alcohol is approved by a responsible person, for example, a license holder or a manager. However, remember that in the first and in the second case, there are local domestic laws that allow persons under the age of 18 to sell alcohol only in sealed containers, that is, in bottles or cans.
If you are not 18 yet, you will need permission from both parents to join the armed forces. If the parents are divorced or do not live together, you will only need permission from the parent with whom you live together. The armed forces have their age limits reflecting the current needs for recruits. Therefore, the nuances should be clarified with local representatives.
You can look after young children at any age, regardless of whether you are paid or not. However, if the parent decides to leave the child with a person under the age of 16, the parent is legally responsible for the child's safety. If the child is harmed, the guardianship authorities can take the child away, and parents are punished according to the law. If you are over the age of 16, you can be prosecuted if you leave the child alone or mistreated him/her.
Most trade unions allow young people to join their ranks at the age of 16, but some accept younger workers.