The rights of working women who are preparing to become a mother

Working women who are expecting have both rights and obligations to the employer. Here you can find what they are.

Working pregnant women have four basic juridical rights:

the right to paid time for antenatal care;

the right to leave to take care of a child;

the right to maternity benefits.

the right to protection from unfair treatment, discrimination and dismissal.

It should be noted that antenatal care includes not only a visit to the doctor, but also sessions for future parents, if recommended by a physician.

Employers do not have the right to change the conditions of an employee's labor contract without her consent. Otherwise, their actions will be regarded as a breach of contract.

Employers should provide employees, who are preparing to become a mother, time for antenatal care, which should not affect the woman's salary. Her father or partner has the right to an unpaid weekend to attend two prenatal receptions.

Diseases related to pregnancy

Childcare leave and the statutory pregnancy and maternity benefit take effect automatically if the employee does not go to work because of a pregnancy-related illness for four weeks before the birth of the child. And it does not matter what you have previously agreed with the employer.

Mandatory leave to care for the child

If the employee does not take the statutory leave to take care of the child, she must take two weeks of leave after the child's birth (four weeks if she works at the factory).

Informing the employer about pregnancy

The employee must inform the employer about her pregnancy at least 15 weeks before the start of the week during which the child should be born.

If this is not possible (for example, because the woman did not know about her pregnancy), the employee should talk to the employer as soon as she becomes aware of her pregnancy.

In addition, the employee must inform the employer when she is going to take the statutory leave to take care of the child and the statutory maternity allowance. Not having warned the employer about this situation, it is impossible to take sick leave for antenatal care.

Health and safety of staff who are expecting

When the employee informs the employer about her pregnancy, he should assess the possible risks for the woman and her child.

Risks are possible:

because of hard work (for example, associated with lifting weights);

because of sitting or standing work without sufficient breaks;

because of contact with toxic substances;

because of the large number of working hours.

If the health of a woman or her child can be in danger of something, the employer must take reasonable measures to avoid risks - for example, offer the employee another job or change its schedule.

If it is impossible to create conditions absolutely safe for the future mother, the employer should pay her full salary.

Employees who are expecting and think that their work involves risks, although the employer denies this, can talk to a trade union representative or coordinator for health and safety at work. If the employer still does not agree to do something, talk to your doctor or contact the UK Health and Safety Executive.

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