The Scottish government is facing the problem of population growth, and now immigration can be the most effective solution to the problem. Such conclusions are contained in the discussion paper of the Scottish government.
This document highlights the negative impact of the rigid Brexit and recommends considering issuing separate Scottish visas for foreigners. New migrants are encouraged to settle in rural areas where there is a particularly visible shortage of people. Here it should be emphasized that the outflow of the traditional population of Scotland in the mountainous areas was partly compensated by the influx of migrants from the countries of the European Union.
Today, Scotland still suffers from a shortage of people. And over the next 25 years, the excess mortality over births is projected. Against the backdrop of a decline in migration to tens of thousands of people because of Brexit, the impact of demography on the GDP of Scotland could amount to more than £10 billion by 2040.
According to various estimates, about 219 thousand EU citizens and about 135 thousand migrants from other countries live in Scotland. This is about 7% of the country's population, and all of them play an important role in such sectors of the economy as tourism, agriculture and health.