All you need to know about tests and exams in the UK

Modern students are forced to take a lot of tests and exams, which can confuse both the children themselves and their parents. Below are the types of exams that students pass, and the age at which they pass the exams.

11 Plus exam (at 10-11 years old). This exam is conducted in the last year of schooling in an elementary school. The name itself is associated with the age group of children. Examination is not done in all parts of the country, but in some parts of England (as an administrative and political part of the UK) it is important for pupils of 10-11 years of age who want to enter a local grammar school. They are tested in one or more of the following subjects: in English, mathematics, verbal-logical and non-verbal thinking.

SATs Key Stage 2 (10-11 years). Children at the stage of Key Stage 2 (this is the period of education from the 3rd to the 6th academic year) pass Standard Assessment Tasks in English, mathematics and natural sciences (biology, chemistry, physics). As a rule, the exam is given for the 6th year of study, in May. All students across the country pass the tests at the same time. The tests were introduced to standardize the assessment of the level of knowledge of schoolchildren and link it to the overall scoring system.

Common Entrance exam (at 11 or 13 years old). This is a general entrance examination for children who want to enter a private school in 11 or 13 years.

GCSE (14-15 years). General Certificate of Secondary Education is a certificate of secondary education obtained in the UK. All the subjects, which students studied at the school, are listed in the certificate, and several subjects are included in the GCSE: four or six compulsory (depending on the school) and those that the child preferred to study at age 14. That is, children early decide on the future profession. But it also happens that the student could not determine what to study, or his priorities changed for two years. Therefore, GCSE fixes results in general subjects in order to correct the direction of education at the next stage.

BTECH (after 16 years). Business and Technology Education Council – that is how the department at the Ministry used to be called, which controls the secondary technical education. To date, BTEC is a diploma in technical secondary education. The level of BTEC is A-level. To be enrolled, it is also necessary that the student of 16 years of age passes the GCSE exams. But with regard to GCSE results, the requirements for passing BTEC are less strict. In fact, BTEC is the vocational education of school graduates before work in the office. The training program is designed for those who prefer practice over theory.

AS Levels (16-17 years). During AS, the student is given a certain amount of knowledge in several subjects, which can be increased in the second year of education. A student can finish his studies by passing the AS exam and go to work. Then the "Education" column will indicate the number of successfully passed subjects with the AS mark.

A Levels (at 17-18 years). In fact, this is a traditional British educational program, which trains children who have received a certificate of secondary education GCSE. The full name of the program is the General Certificate of Education Advanced Level, that is, it gives the right for a certificate of higher education. A-level is a more in-depth study of GCSE subjects. Already at the age of 14, students choose the main subjects that they study for two years in the framework of the GCSE program. Then, from the list of selected subjects, they choose another three or four and teach them at the A-level.

HND (after 18 years). Higher National Diploma is a two-year program, that qualifies for a particular profession, is equivalent to two university courses. It confirms a person's ability to practice. The HND diploma also allows you to enroll in a university and get a degree in just two years.

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